Alternative Stage

Reworked opera
Kharalampos Goyos / Dimitris Dimopoulos / Alexandros Efklidis

Twilight of the Debts

Based on Richard Wagner’s music drama Twilight of the gods
Premiere - Commissioned by the GNO

6, 8, 10, 12, 14 October 2017
5, 7, 10, 12, 14, 17, 19 January 2018

Greek National Opera Alternative Stage
Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center

Starts at: 20.30

Adaptation-conductor: Kharalampos Goyos 
Libretto: Dimitris Dimopoulos 
Concept-director: Alexandros Efklidis
Sets-costumes: Konstantinos Zamanis 
Lighting: Melina Mascha
Dramaturgy: Eleni Triantafyllopoulou 

Brünnhilde: Julia Souglakou
Sotiris: Dimitris Paksoglou
Merten: Tassos Apostolou - Petros Magoulas
Modernization/Old man/Metternich: Yiannis Yiannisis
Logic/Melina/Souliotissa: Myrto Bokolini - Foteini Kostopoulou
Melina/Souliotissa: Irini Karaianni
Melina/Souliotissa: Margarita Syngeniotou
Busts: Vasilis Dimakopoulos, Giannis Kalyvas, Michalis Katsoulis, Giannis Filias

With the participation of a 9-member musical ensemble

Ticket prices: 18, 25 € / Students, children: 12 


Reworking classics from the opera repertoires is a key focus of the GNO Alternative Stage’s program. The first production of this type is a radical adaptation of the Twilight of the Gods; the final part of the famed tetralogy by Richard Wagner, the Ring of the Nibelung. Twilight starts with a prophecy that Valhalla, home of the gods, will be destroyed; a prophecy that comes to pass at the end of the work. During the work we see what fate has in store for the hero, Siegfried, who holds the cursed ring. Enchanted by those who control this much sought after piece of jewelry, he cheats on his beloved, the Valkyrie Brunnhilde, only to be betrayed and murdered at the end by them. To end the curse, Brunnhilde, daughter of Wotan the king of the gods, sets fire to Valhalla and destroys the ring before throwing herself into the flames. 
The team behind the award-winning production Yasou Aida! (2012), which was a reworking of Verdi’s Aida, returns with a new work that explores the depths of Greek “national values” and plays around with the founding myths of the modern Greek state. Kharalampos Goyos (adaptation), Dimitris Dimopoulos (libretto) and Alexandros Efklidis (concept, director) have devised a new version of Wagner’s revolutionary masterpiece, where instead of the legendary Valhalla it is the Acropolis –that timeless symbol of Greek culture– which is symbolically destroyed. The Wagnerian heroes descend from the Rhine and the Teutonic forests to Greece with its rocks and waves, and come face to face with the Greek state’s never-ending crisis, its eternal need for heroes, and unavoidable betrayal by the ever-present enemy, be that enemy inside or without. 
The 5-hour long work has been cut by two thirds and brought down to chamber format, with just 8 singers performing the countless roles, and an 8-member musical ensemble taking the place of the massive Wagnerian orchestra.



  • Twilight of the debts